Home strength System Basics
Generating strength for your home, with different energy systems can seem fairly daunting, if you don’t know how the system works. There are several different types of strength systems you can use to strength up your place. Most of them work similarly, in that the sun shines on your solar panels, which is then converted into electricity, or the wind turns the rotor, which in turn drives the generator, to create electricity.
Generally the strength produced in this manner is dumped into a battery bank, and you use the strength out of the batteries, usually by a device called an inverter. The inverter changes the voltage you’ve stored in the battery bank into standard household current. Most homes are set up with strength from utility companies, and use A.C. strength, which usually is 120 volt, for light duty roles and 240 volt for the larger heat producing appliances in your home.
Now I’ve tossed out there several different terms, that may need more explanation. I’ll list the different items, and give a short summary of what they are, how they work and how they interact with the rest of your strength system. I’m sure no one wants a long drawn out explanation but rather a short description how these items work together to make your home strength system produce the strength you use.
Solar panels: Using sunlight, panels heat up and transform the heat to electricity.
Wind turbine: wind moving past the blades, turn a generator, creating electricity.
Battery bank: This is how you store, and use the strength you’ve collected, via the panels and turbine.
Inverter: changes the electricity from D.C. to A.C. so you may freely use it.
Basic electrical terms
A.C. is short for ” alternating current.” A.C. is the standard form of electrical strength you commonly use at home. A.C. strength cycles at 60 cycles per second, meaning the electricity switches direction quickly, back and forth, so as to seem to always be on, and producing the desired results with the appliances you have plugged in, and turned on. When you grab a hot wire, using A.C. strength, the electricity will continue to hit you until you shut the strength off, or manage to let go of it. A.C. strength is very dangerous.
D.C. is short for ” direct current “. D.C. is the kind of voltage you will have stored in your battery bank. D.C. only moves in one direction, and will only bite you when you first touch it, and again when you try to let it go. Many farms and ranches use this kind of strength to charge the electric fences, around the pastures. In small voltages D.C. is extremely safe, and usually wont hurt you.
The reason for the two differing types of electricity are: A.C. can be transmitted for long distances, with smaller wire, and has less line loss than it’s counter part D.C. Line loss happens when strength is transmitted over distances. The further away your appliances are to the strength source, the more strength you have to push by the wires.
When the telegraph became a part of the American communications system, the strength source was from a battery bank, made up of “dry cells “. Because the strength is lessened by distance, the telegraph relied on ” relay stations ” along its length, to rebroadcast the messages sent.
Other Basic Terms
Volts: The strength kind or force Amps: The strength of strength flowing by the wires Watts: The amount of strength required to run a particular appliance Resistance: The degradation of strength being transmitted, because of the physics involved.
I promised you I would keep this short and simple, so we won’t go into this too deeply. Electricity is an atomic action, whereby an electron is transmitted by wires, to the units you want powered. When the electrons travel by the wires, part of the wire is transmitted with the strength. Over time, wires use out due to this, and can cause bad connections.
There are some mathematical equations involved with the before mentioned terms. Voltage times amperage equals wattage. 110 volts (ac) times 5 amps equals 550 watts. If the appliance requires 110 v to function, and uses 9 amps of strength, then it will require 990 watts to keep it running. Mostly you won’t need to know these things, if you set your system up properly.
Using a home strength system
Finally we get to what you were looking for! Solar panels generate a finite amount of strength. The stronger the sunlight the more strength you can generate, but a panel can only deliver so much. So you’ll need many panels, to allow you to use however much strength you need. Solar panels will work on cloudy days, but not as effectively as in the direct sunlight.
The panels generate electricity and send that strength to your battery bank. Since the batteries are D.C., to use this strength in your home it goes by an inverter. That changes the voltage from D.C. to A.C.
The battery bank will be set up to store the strength you produced from the solar, or wind plant. Usually the battery bank will be 12volt, or 24 volt, or various multiples of these. ( By the way, your car uses 12 volt D.C. to run most of the systems in it.) The battery bank is designed to cycle, meaning the batteries will be charged and discharged many times throughout the day, So, the size of your battery bank is as important as the number of solar panels, or the size of your wind plant. (how much wattage it produces, under ideal conditions)
This is just a basic overview. If you are interested in learning more, there are lots of books written about it. Using a home strength system can help cut down your electric bill, but the hype about the strength company paying you for your excess strength is not really a reason to use this system.
This kind of system is most advantageous when the strength goes off, due to storms, downed strength lines, or over usage, as in the brown outs of the east coast, during peak strength usage times, when everyone and their cousins are using their air conditioners in summer, and heaters, in the cold of winter.
If you are going to set up an different strength system, like the ones I’ve described, remember to set it up for excess strength instead of just the bare minimum. You’ll generate more strength in the summer than in winter, due to shorter days and less sunshine. Also wind is not steady, though it sometimes seems like it. And… The higher a wind plant is set, the more wind you’ll be able to use.