Arrested For a DUI in Illinois? Now You Have Questions
What is DUI?
A: “DUI” refers to that section in the Illinois means Code located at 625 ILCS 5/11-501, et. seq., which makes it a crime to excursion or be in actual physical control of a motor means while under the influence of alcohol, or any other drug, which renders one incapable of safely driving.
Q: What are the possible consequences of a DUI?
A: If a person is charged as a misdemeanor, one could be sentenced to up to 364 days in jail, a $2,500.00 fine or both. One could be sentenced to probation or court supervision. A estimate may require you to attend Victim Impact Programs, be evaluated and complete any alcohol counseling required, perform community service. If charged as a felony, all of the above consequences may attach, but there may be a period of imprisonment in the Illinois Department of corrections.
Q: Will my driver’s license be suspended?
A: Yes. Because of the “Implied Consent” law and statute, your driver’s license could be suspended for 6 months to two years depending on the breathalyzer and your past driving record. (See 625 ILCS 5/11-501 & 625 ILCS 5/6-208.1) “Implied consent” refers to your agreement to take a breathalyzer, when requested by the police, while driving on a public roadway.
Q: Has DUI law recently changed?
A: Yes, major changes have been enacted by the Illinois Legislature that alters the Judicial Driving Permits. Individuals are now required to have a Breath Alcohol Ignition Interlock Device (BAIID) installed on their means if the wish to excursion during the pendency of the summary suspension. Individuals now can apply for a Monitoring Device Driving Permit (MDDP). The MDDP permit total costs can be very expensive.
Q: What is a “statutory summary suspension”?
A: The law requires that your privilege to excursion is summarily suspended following your failure or refusal to take a breath test, until the expiration of the time set by law. This suspension goes into effect on the 46th day after one’s arrest.
Q: Can one avoid a statutory summary suspension?
A: Yes, by winning a appeal to Rescind the Statutory Summary Suspension. You must file a appeal to Rescind the Statutory Summary Suspension
Q: What is meant by “the hard thirty days”?
A: That already if you get a MDDP, you nevertheless cannot excursion for the first thirty days after the 46th day, after the arrest.
Q: What is a summary suspension hearing?
A: A estimate hears the evidence to determine if the Police complied with the law. There are four grounds to contest the suspension. If the police violated anyone of these grounds, the suspension may be rescinded.
Q: How is a summary suspension hearing different from a trial?
A: At a appeal to Rescind the Summary Suspension Hearing, the defendant has the burden of proof. It’s easier for the State to win a statutory suspension hearing, and there cannot be a jury. But, there are tactical reasons for doing hearings.
Q: What is meant by a “motion to quash” hearing?
A: Similar to a appeal to rescind hearing, this is an opportunity to “quash” or suppress certain evidence from a later trial. This can provide other tactical advantages for the defense.
Q: How is the motion to quash hearing different from a summary suspension hearing or a trial?
A: The issues are very similar, however, the inquiry as to probable cause stops at the time of the arrest.
Q: What is meant by “implied consent”?
A: Found at 625 ILCS 5/11-501.1, the law says that if you excursion, you allow the government to take a blood, breath or urine sample to determine alcohol content. Failure to submit to these samples results in loss of one’s driving privileges.
Q: What is the legal limit for blood/alcohol content in Illinois?
A: 0.08% alcohol concentration in the blood.
Q: What kinds of things are the police looking for when they are on DUI patrol?
A: Simply stated, they’re looking for uncommon driving, such as weaving, speeding, wide turns, quick stops and dozens of other inappropriate driving patterns.
Q: After the police make a traffic stop, what behaviors are they looking for in the driver of a motor means?
A: They will ask you for your driver’s license and proof of insurance, and they will watch your motor skills and your ability to retrieve these items. They will look for an odor of alcohol, observe your eyes and notice any redness or glassy quality. The officer will include in conversation to determine if you have slurred speech. The officer may ask where you’re going, and where you’re coming from and will ask if you’ve had anything to drink.
Q: What are “field sobriety tests”?
A: Physical “exercises” designed to test one’s motor skills, coordination, balance and ability to follow directions.
Q: Can I refuse to submit to field sobriety tests?
Q: What is a “portable breath test” or PBT?
A: A hand-held device, into which the officer may ask a driver to blow, which measures one’s alcohol content.
Q: Can I refuse to submit to a portable breath test?
Q: Is a portable breath test admissible in a criminal trial?
A: No, these tests are inadmissible because they are unreliable. However, they can be admissible at a SSS hearing
Q: If I’m arrested for DUI, what next?
A: You will be transported to the police stop, a number of questions, fingerprints, photographs and an opportunity to blow into a breathalyzer.
Q: Can one be arrested for DUI already if one is not drunk?
A: Yes, the standard is whether one is “impaired” by alcohol, and it is the officer’s reasonable belief which is tested for probable cause.
Q: Can a person be arrested for a DUI already if he is not driving?
A: Yes, a person needs only to be in “actual physical control” of a motor means. For example, you could be sitting behind the wheel in park, with the engine off and the radio on, and the law may be consider you in “physical control” of the car already though not you are not driving.